Tag Archives: King

Agreement of the Settlers at Exeter in New Hampshire

Agreement of the Settlers at Exeter in New Hampshire


March 16, 1680

Exeter Combination fixedWhereas it hath pleased the Lord to moue the heart of our Dread Soveraigne Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France & Ireland, to grant license & liberty to sundry of his subjects to plant themselves in the westerne partes of America: Wee, his loyall subjects, brethren of the church of Exeter, situate & lying upon Piscataquacke, wth other inhabitants there, considering wth ourselves the holy will of god and our owne necessity, that we should not live whout wholsome lawes & government amongst us, of wch we are altogether destitute; doe in the name of Christ & in the sight of God combine ourselves together, to erect & set up amongst us such government as shall be to our best discerning, agreeable to the will of god, professing ourselves subjects to our Sovereign Lord King Charles, according to the Libertys of our English Colony of the Massachusetts & binding ourselves solemnely by the grace & helpe of Christ & in his name & fear to submit ourselves to such godly & christian laws as are established in the realme of England to our best knowledge, & to all other such lawes wch shall upon good grounds, be made & inacted amongst us according to God, yt we may live quietly & peaceablely together, in all godliness and honesty.

Signed by John Whelewright and thirty-four others.

The Elders or Rulers Oath

You shall swear by the great and dreadful Name of the High God, Maker and Governor of Heaven and earth and by the Lord Jesus Christ, the Prince of the Kings and rulers of the earth, that in his Name and fear you will rule and govern his people according to the righteous will of God, ministering justice and judgment on the workers of iniquite, and ministering due incouragement and countenance to well doers, protecting of the people so far as in you lieth, by the help of God from foreigne annoyance and inward desturbance, that they may live a quiet and peacabble life in all godliness and honesty. So God be helpful and gracious to you and yours in Christ Jesus.

The Oath of the People

We do swear by the Great and dreadful Name of the High God, Maker and Governor of heaven and earth, and by the Lord Jesus Christ, the King and Saviour of his people, that in his Name and fear, we will submit ourselves to be ruled and governed according to the will and word of God, and such wholsome laws and ordinances as shall be derived therefrom by our honored Rulers and the lawful assistants, with the consent of the people, and that we will be ready to assist them by the help of God, in the administration of justice and preservation of the peace, with our bodies and goods and best endeavors according to God. So God protect and save us and ours in Jesus Christ.

Source: Hammond, Isaac Weare (1831-1890)., Editor. Town Papers: Documents Relating to Towns in New Hampshire. Concord, N.H. : Parsons B. Cogswell, state printer (publisher), 1882.  The copyright of these documents is held in the Public Domain. Formatted for the Internet © 2014 Steve Farrell and The Moral Liberal.

They Were Believers is researched, compiled, and edited (with occasional commentary and explanatory notes) by Steve Farrell, Founder and Editor In Chief of The Moral Liberal. Copyright © 2012-2014 Steve Farrell.

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King of Zion  


Psalm 2

Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him,” Psalm2:12.

In a kingdom, the commoners will feel either insecure or protected in direct relation to the character of their king. Since everything in the universe is in God’s kingdom, in the final analysis, everything must relate to God, be measured by His standards and receive reward or punishment. Solomon said that God has made us simple, but we have made ourselves very complicated. Since people have confused their relationships to the King, they have muddled their responsibilities in the kingdom.

Everything in the visible and invisible realm was made of Christ’s energy by Him and for Him. Since all living and nonliving matter is created of atoms, which are spinning balls of God’s energy, then God is in absolute control. How foolish for Satan and the lost world to think they can plot to take over the kingdom as though God did not exist. Every created being is just one heartbeat away from eternity.

Like Daniel, the innocent may have to suffer along with the guilty, but Christians can rest assured that the Father has set His King on His right hand, making His enemies His footstool. His kingdom will come, and His will done on earth as it is in Heaven.

One fine day when the King comes to set up His throne in Zion, He will bring the saints with Him, and they will reign with Him for a thousand years. Won’t that be a real change . . . a welcome change?

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, . . . behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation” (Zech. 9:9).



Make sure you are in Christ’s kingdom and not Satan’s.

Robert Brock

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David (1)



While no more inspired than any other Scripture, Psalms 23 is, indeed, one of its crown jewels. “Using common ancient near-eastern images,” writes one expositor, “David progressively unveils his personal relationship with the LORD.” David refers to the LORD as his Shepherd (Jehovah-Rā‘â,), and then in beautiful poetry speaks of what he receives from his Shepherd: protection (Psa_23:1-4), provision (Psa_23:5), and permanence (Psa_23:6).

Let us consider the nameDavid. While the etymology is uncertain, it is commonly believed that Dāwiḏ (H1732) is derived from the root dôḏ (H1730), meaning “beloved, loved one, and even uncle” (e.g., Lev_20:20). Most of its fifty-eight occurrences refer to “the beloved” in Song of Solomon. As David prefigures Messiah (Eze_34:23-24; Eze_37:24-25; Hos_3:5; Jer_30:9), who in turn was spoken of as the Father’s “beloved Son” (Mat_3:17), this etymology seems at least possible.

While there is much detail about this pivotal character—his name appears more than 1,000 times—we can briefly summarize David with seven words:

(1) Son. The youngest of eight brothers, David was the son of Jesse of Bethlehem, grandson of Ruth and Boaz, tracing his heritage back to Abraham and then forward to Messiah (Mat_1:1-17). Anointed secretly by Samuel as the next king (1Sa_16:1-13), this young man was infused with the Spirit and destined for true greatness. (2) Shepherd. Oh, the lessons he learned as a shepherd! Courage, compassion, care, and much more helped mold a leader. (3) Singer. A musician and poet without equal, David penned most of the Psalms, providing unprecedented praise to God. (4) Soldier. Facing Goliath in his youth and later entire armies, David was a true warrior who received his power from God. (5) Sovereign. In a forty-year reign (1010–970 BC), the Hebrew nation reached the peak of its unity and power under King David’s leadership. (6) Sinner. As no one is perfect, David fell into sin, the most grievous of which was adultery with Bathsheba and the murder of Uriah. The consequences of sin are great, and untold misery came to David’s household. (7) Savior. Not David himself, of course, but the “Son of David,” Jesus Christ, who would save His people from their sins and sit on David’s throne.

Scriptures for Study:Read Psalms 51, David’s great psalm of repentance.



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He Is the Rock

Deuteronomy 32:1-4

“He is the Rock; his work is perfect. For all His ways are judgment, a God of truth and without iniquity; just and right is he,” Deuteronomy 32:4.

From Genesis to Revelation God is represented as the Rock of our salvation, and man is represented as dust. In Daniel 2:34, 35, the rock is used to illustrate Christ’s return in judgment. The King of righteousness will rule the world with a rod of iron. The Prince of peace will have peace or else, and His kingdom will never end. God will cast the last stone, justice will prevail and the works of man will turn to dust.
In the desert, the rock or mountain was the only shade from the sun’s destruction. In the shadow of the mountain, David found rest from the battles of life and refreshing waters to quench his thirst. God brought water from the rock for His people in the wilderness, and Paul said that Rock was Christ. Jesus taught that when we build our house on the shifting sands of the world, it will fall. But, the house built on the solid Rock will stand the storms of life. We must all build on the solid Rock that will hold our lives together or we build in vain.
Even the biblical anchor was a huge boulder buried deeply on the beach. A forerunner was chosen from among the mariners to swim ashore with a rope and tie off the ship to the rock anchor. Then, the sailors could hold to the rope and make it to shore safely. Thank God for the forerunner who has gone before and tied us to the throne of God for safekeeping (Heb. 6:18-20).

He is the solid Rock compared to our dust running through the hour glass. Tie up and hang on—your little bark is in good hands.
Robert Brock

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HEBREW – Cleave


Today we meditate on a word of deep significance. The English cleave appears twenty-six times in the OT, all but six of which are translated from dāḇaq (H1692), meaning “to cling to, join with, stay with.” It’s used, for example, in Job_19:20 for bone cleaving to skin, in Job_41:1; Job_41:15-17 of the great sea creature Leviathan, whose scales are tightly fastened together, in Job_38:38 for clods of earth being stuck together, and in Num_36:7 for someone holding on to an inheritance. So hard did Eleazar’s hand cleave to his sword as he fought the Philistines (2Sa_23:10), we could say poetically that the sword became a part of his arm.
More significant, however, is the figurative use of dāḇaq in picturing relationships, especially of their closeness and loyalty. The first appearance of dāḇaq, in fact, pictures the devotion and intimacy of marriage, where “a man [leaves] his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh” (Gen_2:24). David’s men cleaved unto him in loyalty when Sheba rebelled against the king (2Sa_20:2).
Most important, however, are the pictures we see of the loyalty and devotion of God’s people to Him. We read several times of God commanding His people to cleave unto Him (Deu_10:20; Deu_11:22; Deu_13:4; Jos_22:5; Jos_23:8), for such cleaving demonstrates true love for Him (Deu_30:20).
A particularly striking example of such faithfulness appears in Psa_119:31, where the psalmist says to God, “I have stuck unto thy testimonies.” “Stuck” is dāḇaq. In Psa_119:25, David says, “My soul cleaveth unto the dust,” that is, despair was sticking to him as though it were glued. Now, however, it is he who is glued, glued to God’s Word (testimonies, February 17). “While the dust of despair is glued to me,” David says in effect, “I am ever glued to God’s standards.” A woodworker uses glue to join boards together, and so strong is that bond that the board will break in another spot before it will break on that joint. That is how we are to be glued to the Word of God.
Scriptures for Study: What were God’s people told not to cleave to in Jos_23:12? Read the verses in Deuteronomy and Joshua noted above and meditate on your closeness to God.


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Meet Mephibosheth

2 Samuel 4:4
“So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king’s table; and was lame on both his feet,” 2 Samuel 9:13.
When news of Saul’s and Jonathan’s deaths reached the remaining family members, panic struck. Members of the family began fleeing, not knowing their outcome once David began reigning. Mephibosheth—Jonathan’s 5-year-old son—was under the care of a nurse when she received word of his family’s demise. Stricken with fear, she fled with him, and in the process of fleeing, fell with him so that he became permanently lame.
Later, as David was enjoying the peace that God brought him because of his faithfulness, he remembered the covenant friendship he held with Jonathan. When he and Jonathan struck up their friendship, he promised he would not destroy Jonathan’s descendants, so David sought to honor that promise. As he looked for members of Saul’s household, it was brought to his attention that Jonathan still had a living son, Mephibosheth. How did David treat the descendant of his former enemy? He showed him mercy and honor, treating him like royalty.
It is the height of Christlikeness to show unconditional love and honor to those who, by the world’s definition, are the least deserving of that treatment. While we were rejecting God as sinners, God demonstrated His love for us by sending His Son, Jesus Christ, to die for us. It is that kind of self-sacrificing love that brings God honor. How can we show the same selfless love to others today?
Will you serve others today?
Mark ClementsATT00009


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David’s Eulogy of Jonathan

2 Samuel 1:25, 26
“I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women,” 2 Samuel 1:26.

What will people say about you at your funeral? What would you like them to say? I have attended many funerals, and the content of the eulogies is always positive. Something nice can be said about virtually any person who has ever lived, and that is usually why funerals are held: to celebrate the life of the deceased.
When King David eulogized the life of Jonathan, he said something that is not said at too many funerals. He said, “Thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women” (verse 26). It should be obvious that David is not speaking inappropriately about his relationship with Jonathan, and, yet, this statement is not something you hear too often to describe friendships. What did David mean by this comment? He meant that, though Jonathan could have fought for his right to inherit the throne of Israel as Saul’s son, he denied himself that pleasure and radically supported David as God’s choice to rule the nation. The kind of love that Jonathan expressed for David was so rare, it exceeded the devotion found in relationships with the opposite sex because these kinds of relationships typically hinge upon some degree of self-gratification. Jonathan had nothing to gain personally from denying himself the right to the throne and yielding to God’s will in selecting David, yet, that is exactly what he did, and God honored him for it.
I would like it to be said about me at my funeral that I loved God so much that I was willing to forego my own satisfaction and fulfillment to enjoy the desires of God.

Will you yield to God’s will today?

Mark Clements

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David’s Prayer and Praise

2 Samuel 7:18-29
“Then went king David in, and sat before the Lord, and he said, Who am I, O Lord God? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?” 2 Samuel 7:18.

When God established His covenant with David, He reminded him that, when God chose David, he was simply a humble shepherd keeping sheep. It was God’s idea to elevate him from a keeper of sheep to the king of Israel. David realized that he had done nothing to promote himself to his position of prominence and did not deserve this kind of recognition. He rightly asked, “Who am I, O Lord God? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?” (2 Sam. 7:18).
In today’s culture, it is easy to cultivate an attitude of entitlement. Success and fame are almost expected by everyone and certainly are pursued by the majority of people. This attitude goes against the grain of Christianity because, in Christ, we begin with an understanding that we are not entitled.
Jesus came to this earth precisely because we are unable to help ourselves and none of us deserves Heaven. We only enter into a relationship with God through Jesus Christ after we have realized our desperate circumstance. David realized his humility, and we need to take note. The next time you are tempted to boost your own pride or take credit for anything good that has happened to you, take a cue from David and, instead, lift up God in praise. None of us deserves to be called the children of God, and, yet, He still reaches out to us and lifts us up from the pit.

Will you deflect praise to God today?
Mark Clements

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1777 – DUTCH SCHOLARS AT THE REQUEST OF THE KING ESTABLISH APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION OF BAPTISTS IN THE 19TH CENTURY – Isaac Johannes Dermout was born on January 31, 1777. Mr. Dermout was one of two Dutch scholars, Dr. Anne Ypeij being the other that the king of the Netherlands commissioned to investigate the claim of Dutch Baptists to an apostolic origin. Ypeij was the chaplain to the king and Professor of Theology in Gronigen. The results of their research is found in a book in the Western Theological Seminary in Holland, MI. It is entitled, Geschiedeins der Nederlandsche Hervormde Kerk. It says: “We have now seen that the Baptists who were formerly called Anabaptists, and in later times Mennonites, were the original Waldenses, who have long in the history of the church have received the honor of that origin. On this account the Baptists may be considered as the only Christian community which has stood since the days of the apostles, and as a Christian society which has preserved pure the doctrine of the gospel through all ages…” (The statement continues on pg. 42). Baptists have always taken the position that a Baptist by any other name is never the less a Baptist.
Dr. Greg J. Dixon; adapted from:  Day in Baptist History Vol. I: Cummins Thompson/   pg. 41.

The post 31 – January 31 – THIS DAY IN BAPTIST HISTORY PAST appeared first on The Trumpet Online.

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King Over All the Earth


Zechariah 14:1-9


And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord, and his name one,” Zechariah 14:9.


I love hunting. It is not so much that I take pleasure in harvesting animals, but I love spending time outdoors, enjoying God’s creation and enjoying the company of family and friends. One of the problems I run into, however, is that I own no hunting property, so I am relegated to spending time on someone else’s land. When I hunt, I hunt on land that belongs to a friend, a family member, a logging company or the federal government, and that is fine as long as I abide by the owner’s rules. I have to constantly remind myself that I do not own the property and that I must follow the guidelines of the owner or risk being kicked off and never invited back. You see, whoever owns the property gets to decide how it is used and who gets to enjoy it.


The owner of all land and everything in it, though, is not a mere human being. Your name might be on the deed to your home or car, but the real owner is God. Everything you have was given to you on loan from God to manage. You own nothing that will be yours forever. With that in mind, according to today’s text, you should be reminded that there is coming a day when Christ will return and will reclaim all that is rightfully His. If you know that what you manage is not your own, should that not change the way you use it? Should you not consult the owner of all things and make sure you are using His property in ways that are approved by Him? When Jesus returns He will find many people who have mismanaged His property and He will dole out the expected judgment. I wonder what Jesus will think about how I have managed everything He has given to me?





Will you treat your possessions as God’s property today?


Mark Clements



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