Tag Archives: Germany

02 – January 02 – THIS DAY IN BAPTIST HISTORY PAST


 

Oncken, GerhardJohann Gerhard Oncken

Baptists go to Germany

1884 – Johann Gerhard Oncken, the “Apostle of the German Baptists,” finished his course, and went home to be with His Lord. As a young Lutheran he had left his native Germany for England to serve an apprenticeship under a devout Presbyterian tradesman. He treasured his Bible, but it was only after a serious accident, and a near death encounter, that brought him to salvation in Christ after hearing a rousing sermon in a Methodist church. Immediately he desired to be a missionary and from that day he became a witness for Christ. He was sent to Germany by the British Continental Society. He united with the English Reformed Church and set out for Hamburg, Germany, but the German State Church for bid him to preach. He became an agent of the Edinburg Bible Society. During his lifetime he distributed over two million copies of the scriptures. Upon the arrival of his first child he began to question infant baptism and after studying His Bible, he longed to be immersed himself, but had to wait five years before he could. In time he found the Rev. Barnas Sears, an American studying in Germany. On April 22, 1834, seven believers were immersed at night in the river Elbe near Hamburg. This became the First Baptist Church in modern Germany, and Oncken became their pastor. Within four years churches were begun in Berlin, Oldenburg, and Stuttgart. In May of 1840, he was arrested and cast into prison, for the first, of what was to become numerous imprisonments. But the opposition merely caused spiritual advancement by the Baptists. Oncken’s work spread into Denmark, the Netherland’s, as well as Lithuania, Switzerland, Poland, and Russia. In 1860, Germany passed a law granting religious freedom. The Hamburg church seated 1400 people.
Dr. Greg J. Dixon, Adapted from: This Day in Baptist History Vol. I: Cummins Thompson /, pp. 02-03

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286 – Oct. 13 – This Day in Baptist History Past


 

Julius Kobner

 

Baptists come to Denmark

 

1867 – A new Baptist church edifice was dedicated to the Glory of God in Copenhagen, Denmark, to meet the need of the four hundred members, of what had been a severely persecuted people. Their pastor Julius Kobner, a converted Jew, had come from Germany to give leadership to the Baptists of Denmark who had merged from the persecution after Denmark had made persecution unlawful in 1849. At the beginning of the 19th Century Satan had used the State church and a spirit of nationalism to hinder the gospel, but a spiritual stirring began, including a powerful preacher of the gospel. Kobner made a visit and found a group who had become disenchanted with the doctrine of infant baptism. Kobner maintained correspondence with them. Johann Gerhard Oncken of Germany and Kobner in Oct. of 1839, traveled to Copenhagen, baptized 11 and formed the First Danish Baptist Church. One of their own, a Brother Monster took the leadership and another ten were baptized. Bro. Monster was then imprisoned. Another church was established at Aalborg (Jutland), and then a storm of persecution broke out. Both the Monster brothers were imprisoned again after many more were baptized. In 1841 the British Baptists sent a delegation and presented a petition to the King on behalf of their persecuted Brethren to no avail. But God prevailed with nine Baptist churches by 1867. [J. H. Rushbrooke, The History of American Baptist Missions in Asia, Africa, Europe and North America (Boston: Gould, Kendall and Lincoln, 1850), pp. 233-34. This Day in Baptist History II: Cummins and Thompson, BJU Press: Greenville, S.C. 2000 A.D. 561-62]   Prepared by Dr. Greg J. Dixon

 

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272 – Sept. 29, 1512 – This Day in Baptist History Past


The Donatists Repudiated this Falsity

Balthasar Hubmaier received the doctorate of theology from the University of Ingolstadt in Germany and entered the Roman Catholic ministry. Through his studies he became disillusioned with what he had been taught and by 1523 was in contact with the Protestant reformer, Zwingli and he was transformed by the grace of God. His outspoken ways brought great persecution down upon him. He like Peter, under pressure, denied the truth, but repented and was able to give a glorious testimony to God’s grace in the flames of martyrdom on March 10, 1528. Three days later his wife Elizabeth, undaunted in her faith, was thrown into the Danube River and drowned. The doctrine that caused our Anabaptist forebears to suffer at the hands of Catholic and Protestant Reformers alike was infant baptism. That wicked heresy was established in the third century as Cyprian consulted with sixty bishops upon the question of whether children were to be baptized on the third or eighth day from their birth? Our forefathers the Donatists, repudiated this falsity. The Reformers, Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin continued in this heresy, and also persecuted the Baptists, and other non-conformists over this issue, which they had received from Augustine. [Wm. R. Estep, The Anabaptist Story Nashville: Broadman Press, 1963), p. 49. This Day in Baptist History II: Cummins and Thompson, BJU Press: Greenville, S.C. 2000 A.D. pp. 533-34.]
Prepared by Dr. Greg J. Dixon

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145 — May 25 – This Day in Baptist History Past


 

The Reuniting of God’s Martyrs

 

 

A faithful wife follows her husband in martyrdom

 

Michael Sattler was born in Germany around 1490. At an early age he entered the Benedictine Monastery and attended lectures at a local university. It was a time that he obtained a knowledge of the Greek and Hebrew languages. During his stay in the monastery, he began a study of the Pauline Epistles and embraced the evangelical faith. His dissatisfaction with the vice and hypocrisy of his fellow monks precipitated a severance of all ties to the Church of Rome.

 

Ferdinand of Austria announced a policy of heresy extermination which forced Sattler and his wife, to flee to Switzerland, where he embraced the Anabaptists. He preached at a conference of Anabaptists at Schleitheim where a confession of faith was approved.

 

While the Schleitheim meeting was in progress, the Anabaptists were discovered by the authorities in Rottenburg. Sattler, his wife, and others were arrested upon their return to Horb.

 

His execution took place on May 25, 1527.  It began at the marketplace, where a piece was cut from Sattler’s tongue. Pieces of flesh were torn from his body with red-hot tongs. The tongs were applied five times more on the way to the execution. Still able to speak, Sattler prayed for his persecutors. After being bound by a rope to a ladder and pushed into the fire, he admonished the people, the judges, and the mayor to repent and be converted. Then he prayed, “Almighty God, Thou art the Way and the Truth: because I have not been shown to be in error, I will with thy help this day testify to the truth and seal it with my blood.”

 

As soon as the ropes burned and released his hands, he raised the two forefingers of his hands, giving the promised signal that a martyr’s death was bearable, and exclaimed, “Father, I commend my spirit into Thy hands.”

 

After every attempt to secure a recantation from his faithful wife failed, she was drowned eight days later and was reunited with her husband in the presence of their Lord.

 

Dr. Dale R. Hart: Adapted from: This Day in Baptist History Vol. I. Thompson/ Cummins pp. 213 -214

 

 

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25 – Jan. 25 – THIS DAY IN BAPTIST HISTORY PAST


She was found guilty and sentenced to death by drowning. 
The unnamed daughter of Hans Hut, the outstanding Anabaptist leader in Germany died the martyrs death for her faith, by drowning, on Jan. 25, 1527 in the city of Bamburg.  Hut was a convert of Hans Denck, and on May 26, 1526, followed His Lord in believers baptism.  His daughter was one of his first converts who followed him in his new found faith.  Women among the Anabaptists held a superior position above other groups.  They referred to them as “sisters” and the ladies had a ministry of personal witnessing.   Their enemies accused them of practicing “free-love.”  There was no basis to the lie.  In fact, the high basis of morality of the Anabaptists was often mentioned by sincere historians of that era.  Hans daughter lived but a few months following her conversion to Christ.  Hans was accompanied by his family when he went to Bamberg in evangelistic work where he met with considerable success and then left them there when he departed for Augsburg.  While he was gone, his daughter was arrested.  She had participated in many Anabaptist meetings and had a firm grasp on the New Testament.  When arrested by State Church authorities (Lutheran) she gave clear answers as to her faith in Christ and refused to disavow her Lord.  She was found guilty and sentenced to death by drowning.  On this date, she was led to the river where she was placed in a bag with heavy weights and thrown to her death by drowning.  How blessed it must have been, as Stephen of old to have been greeted by our Lord Himself, who no doubt stepped off his throne to greet such a precious prize jewel, and no doubt gave her a name that her Lord has reserved just for her.  Revelation 2:17 “To him that overcometh will I give…a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.”
Dr. Greg J. Dixon from: This Day in Baptist History Vol. IIII: Cummins, pp. 51-52.

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