I. WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT INSPIRATION.
2Pe 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
This Scripture is very clear how it addresses inspiration.
- Human Penmanship – “…holy men of God spoke…”
- Divine Authorship – “…moved by the Holy Ghost.”
The active source of the Scripture is God. The Greek word “pheomenoi” means “borne along.” God did not correct any mistakes because no mistakes were made. God gave the words and allowed the men to use their own choice of words that corresponded to their natural way of speaking. By Inspiration we mean the Holy Spirit moved the human writers of the Bible in such a way that they recorded the very words and sense of God, though couched in their own literary style.
2Ti 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
I Peter 1:25 – “But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.
Peter agrees with the endurance of the Word of God.
Paul refers to all which would include the Old Testament. Surely no one would claim that the Old Testament Manuscripts that Paul had were the originals.
Paul makes a request in II Timothy 4:13 “The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments.
The previous chapter recorded that “All scripture is given by inspiration of God.
There is very little doubt that Paul here called the copies of the Old Testament Manuscripts inspired.
Inspired in the original manuscripts is no where in God’s Word.
It was inspired by Satan and made up by man to attempt to allow what man wanted to do to God’s Word.
When we claim that the Word was inspired in the original manuscripts then we are equating the ink, the papyrus and the pen to be inspired. That is not what Paul or Peter said.
- INSPIRED BY GOD
The Word was inspired, man was not inspired.
The phrase that carries so much importance is “…Inspiration of God….” The Greek word translated “inspired” is “theopneustos,” which means “God-breathed.”
There are several theories as to inspiration. I believe in the “Superintendence or Verbal Plenary Theory.”
We shall examine this theory:
- Verbal inspiration.
We mean that the very words of Scripture are God’s words. Inspiration goes beyond the concepts and message to actual words.
1Co 2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
Mat 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
Jer 1:9 Then the LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth. And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have put my words in thy mouth.
According to Matthew 5:18, Inspiration extends to even the letter “jot” and “tittle.” Luke 16:17.
God places emphasis upon His Words.
Consider these verses: Exodus 24:4; Deuteronomy 6:6; 12:28; 17:19; 18:18; 27:3; 31:12; 32:1,45,46; Joshua 8:34,35; 24:26; I Samuel 8:10; II Samuel 23:2; Psalm 12:6; Proverbs 30:5,6; Jeremiah 7:27; 23:36; 26:2; 30:2; Ezekiel 3:10; Daniel 10:9-11; Matthew 4:4; Luke 4:4; John 8:47; 17:8; I Timothy 4:6; II Peter 3:2; Jude 17; Revelation 1:3; 22:18,19.
Every Word of God is important to Him. To ridicule, change or laugh at the Word of God, I believe is a serious infraction against God. To change the force, power or meaning of His word would be to diminish God and His utterances.
- Plenary Inspiration
This means “extending to all parts alike,” this leads us to the belief that all of the Bible is inspired and every part of the Bible is equally inspired.
II Timothy 3:16 – “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God…”
- Inerrant Inspiration
Inerrant means “not liable to error.” This means there is no mistake or anything false, therefore the Bible was written down correct in every detail.
Hebrews 6:18b; Titus 1:2c; Numbers 23:19; John 10;35
This kind of inspiration provides that the exact divine message be given. Both God’s truth and Satan’s lies are reported and recorded exactly. Inspiration does not change truth into lies.
- Infallible Inspiration
This means the Bible is without error in its teaching. It is incapable of teaching deception.
Psalm 119:160; John 17:17. The terms “infallible” and “inerrant” are often used interchangeably, but there is a difference:
- Inerrant means without error in its recording.
- Infallible means without error in its teaching.
“Infallibility is obviously restricted to the intended assertions of Scripture understood in an ordinary grammatical exegesis of the text.”
In other words, infallibility takes into account such things as the use of poetic or figurative language, the use of simile, hyperbole, allegory, parable and symbolism, etc.
In most cases, what is inspired is authoritative, but not all cases. Some things in the Bible, though accurately recorded through inspiration, do not have the authority of God.
e.g. The Book of Job accurately records the words of God, Job, Satan, Job’s wife, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Elihu. Some of the statements in the Book are consequently ungodly or in direct contradiction to other statements of Scripture. They are inspired, but not authoritative.